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Through the Empty Tap: Water Privatisation in Jakarta


The experience of water privatisation in Jakarta (Indonesia) shows that private investments are not the answer to fulfill the human right to water. Water delivery services in Jakarta were privatised in 1997, when the city-owned water company PAM Jaya made a cooperation agreement with two private companies: Suez (Palyja) and Thames (TPJ; now Aetra). Since then, the service has worsened and water tariffs have been increasing steadily.

Transnational Institute
Release Date: 
March 1, 2011