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How Public Banks Can Help Finance a Green and Just Energy Transformation


Every day public banks are developing new and innovative ways of financing a green transformation. To illustrate how public banks can provide green financing in a public way, this issue brief explores two specific and distinct examples: Costa Rica's BPDC (Bnco Popular y de Desarrollo Comunal or Bank of Popular and Community Development) and Germany's KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wideraufbau, or Reconstruction Credit Institute). Much of the information provided on the BPDC and KfW draws from primary resources, including the banks' annual reports. The case of BPDC benefits from a series of confidential interviews undertaken in Costa Rica in April 2017. 

Thomas Marois
Publication Information: 
Public Alternatives Issue brief | Transnational Institute
Publication Date: 
Publication Type: 
Briefing Note